Amnesty Report: The death penalty has been increased due to the simplification of the Covid ban

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The death penalty has risen worldwide as coronavirus restrictions have been imposed on countries Judicial proceedings have been simplified, according to Amnesty International’s annual review of the death penalty.

The report, published Tuesday and reviewing data from January to December 2021, found that a total of 579 people were executed last year, which the human rights group called a “worrying” increase of 20 percent over the previous year.

Executions were carried out in 18 countries, including Iran, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Somalia and the United States – and the methods included beheadings, shootings, executions and lethal injections.

In the first year of the epidemic, the number of people subject to the death penalty due to coronavirus lockdown and other restrictions has dropped as legal measures and suspended executions have been suspended or slowed down, making Amnesty the year 2020 with the lowest number of executions in more than a decade.

Amnesty International Secretary-General Agnes Calamard said in a statement that “instead of building the opportunities presented by secession in 2020, minority states have shown a worrying incentive to choose the death penalty for effective resolution of crime.” The rise shows “a ruthless disregard for the right to life.”

Iran was responsible for the highest number of executions, with at least 314 executed in 2021, the highest total in the country since 2017, the report found, citing crackdowns on drug-related crime. In Saudi Arabia, the total more than doubled last year, from 27 to 65. The trend showed no signs of slowing down this year, with the country carrying one of its largest known mass executions, killing 81 men in March.

Human rights groups and activists say the death sentence indicates that Saudi Arabia is backtracking on its promise to curb its use of punishment. The Saudi Interior Ministry said the dead had been convicted of a number of crimes, including armed robbery and murder.

Amnesty has noted that some governments – including China, which it has identified as the world’s “major executioners” – are reluctant to share data on their use of the death penalty.

“China, North Korea and Vietnam continue to carry out their executions under the guise of secrecy, but, as always, the little we have seen is a cause for great apprehension.”

Details in the data show that some countries, including the United States, appear to be moving away from the practice.

Despite the increase, last year the total number of executions in 18 countries was “the second-lowest figure since 2020” which Amnesty International has recorded since at least 2010.

In the United States, 11 people were executed last year, the lowest total in the country since 1988.

In 2021, Virginia became the first Southern state to abolish the death penalty, after 400 years of using it for more prisoners than any other state.

“It simply came to our notice then. It’s a moral thing to do, “Governor Ralph Northam (D) said at the time, believing the system was” fundamentally flawed. “

In 2021, the death penalty in the United States has reached a historic low

Alabama, Oklahoma and Texas were responsible for the majority of both executions and executions in the United States last year, according to a separate report from the Death Penalty Information Center.

Amnesty’s report last summer called for a unanimous vote to abolish the death penalty in Sierra Leone, calling it a “significant milestone”. Sierra Leone is the 23rd African country to abolish the death penalty, according to Al Jazeera.

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