The former Finnish prime minister is confident that Turkey’s opposition to Sweden and Finland’s accession to NATO will be “resolved” diplomatically.
“I’m sure it will be ironed out,” Alexander Stubb told CNBC’s Capital Connection on Wednesday, adding that both Finland and Sweden Turkey was a “fierce supporter” of the bid to join the European Union.
“I imagine there will be some backroom diplomacy in the next few days … just from my experience, things like that will be sorted out,” he said.
All member states must agree before new members can join the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. However, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has expressed opposition to the two countries’ support for separatist Kurdish organizations inside Turkey, and opposed Sweden and Finland’s membership. Turkey calls members of the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) “terrorists.”
A Ukrainian soldier clears debris from a car following a recent bombing in Bakhmu, Ukraine
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The two Nordic countries on Wednesday formally applied to join the 30-member-strong NATO, a significant change in their security position as a direct result of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in February.
Sweden and Finland have both done one Long modern history of military disorganization Through the end of World War II and the Cold War between the West and the then Soviet Union.
The two leaders will travel to Washington DC on Thursday to meet with US President Joe Biden.
In 1990, the year after the fall of the Berlin Wall, Russia dominated the Soviet Union and the six Allied Warsaw Pact countries.
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Stubbs noted that negotiations for Turkey’s accession to the European Union began in 1999 during Finland’s EU presidency. “It was a historic moment. And I’m sure President Erdogan will remember it,” he said.
Russia’s ‘moderate’ response
Stubb – now professor and director of the School of Transnational Governance at the European University Institute in Finland – described the Russian response to the proposal as “quite moderate.”
“I think the reason is quite clear. Russia does not see the Finnish accession to NATO as a military threat or a security threat,” he said.
By 2022, NATO has expanded to three former Soviet states and all former Warsaw Pact countries.
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“Iceland, Norway and Denmark, three Nordic states, have been members of the alliance since 1949. So [Russian] The response was moderate and will continue to be moderate. We do not join NATO against anyone, we join for ourselves. For us, foreign security policy is not a zero-sum game, “he added.
The former Finnish prime minister has described the reliance on Russian power as a “European strategic mistake”.
“The idea was that if you integrate, if you collaborate, if you create a class dependency, you’ll actually get closer.”
“[But] Now, we have actually seen that force can be used as a weapon, “he said, adding that he was surprised by the speed, unity and efficiency of the EU sanctions against Russia.
Although the oil embargo against Russia is taking some time, Stubb predicted that the embargo on gas would be followed.
“We see a situation where Europe will completely disassociate itself from Russian power,” Stubb said.
The former Finnish prime minister said the Ukraine war was over the legacy of Russian President Vladimir Putin.
“There are too many obstacles. I can’t see the end of it. It’s going to be a conflict that will last a long time,” he said, adding that Putin needed a sign of victory to show his people.
“In Russian, you have two words for truth. One of them is ‘strategic truth.’ That means you can lie, and everyone understands that [it is a lie]Stubbs says.
“So I hope Putin will come out at some point and lie that he has won the war and achieved his goal.”