Blinken said the meeting he chaired was “at a time of unprecedented global hunger, fueled by climate change and COVID-19, and has been exacerbated by the conflict.”
Since the Russian invasion on February 24, he said, its naval operations have sought to control access to the northwestern Black Sea and the Azov Sea and block Ukrainian ports, which the United States has described as a “deliberate attempt” to block safe passage. And stop shipping.
“As a result of the Russian government’s action, about 20 million tons of grain are lying unused in Ukraine’s silos because global food supplies are declining, prices are skyrocketing, and more people around the world are facing food insecurity,” Blinken said.
Russia’s UN ambassador Vasily Nebenzia dismissed as “absolutely false” claims by the United States and the West that “we all want to starve to death and only you and Ukraine care about saving the country’s lives.”
“You claim that we are preventing agricultural products from being shipped out of Ukraine by sea,” he said. “However, the fact is that it is not Ukraine and Russia that have intercepted and excavated 75 ships from 17 states in the ports of Nikolayev, Kherson, Chernomersk, Mariupol, Ochakov, Odessa and Yuzhny.”
Nebenzia warned that “unless this problem is resolved, we cannot talk about the possibility of exporting Ukrainian grain by sea.”
He stressed that Russia is “a responsible supplier of both food and energy.”
Russia expects a record wheat harvest and could offer to export 25 million tons of grain through the port of Novorossiysk from August 1 to the end of the year, he said, and is ready to negotiate at least 22 million tons of fertilizer for export. From June to December.
But Nebenzia says more than 10,000 sanctions on Russia have disrupted transport routes, disrupted the flow of Russian ships and barred them from entering ports, created freight and insurance problems, restricted commercial transactions and hampered banking transactions.
“If you don’t want to lift the sanctions of your choice, why are you blaming us for creating this food crisis?” He asked. “Why should the poorest countries and regions suffer as a result of your irresponsible geopolitical game?”
Blinken denies Russia’s claims that sanctions are responsible for the growing global food crisis, declaring that “Moscow and Moscow alone decide to arm food.”
“Sanctions are not blocking Black Sea ports, blocking food ships and destroying Ukraine’s roads and railways; Russia is, “he said.” Sanctions are not emptying Ukrainian grain silos and stealing Ukrainian farm equipment; Russia is. “
Blinken said the sanctions imposed by the United States and many others do not prevent Russia from exporting food and fertilizers because they allow food, fertilizer and seed exports. “And we’re working with countries every day to make sure that sanctions do not impede the flow of these items,” he said.
UN food chief David Beasley has warned the Security Council that Ukraine’s war has created an “unprecedented crisis” over rising food prices, which has already led to protests and riots and will add at least 47 million people out of 276 million to growing hunger. Starvation ”before the Russian invasion of its small neighbor.
The executive director of the World Food Program says 49 million people in 43 countries are already “knocking on the door of famine.”
Bisle recalled that more than 40 countries faced political instability, riots and protests in 2007 and 2008 when food prices spiraled out of control.
“We are already seeing riots and protests when we talk – Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Pakistan, Peru,” he said. “We have already seen volatile movements in Sahel from Burkina Faso, Mali and Chad. These are just the tip of the iceberg. “
Bisle called on world leaders to “do everything possible to bring stability to the market because the situation will get worse.”