The U.S. Census Bureau released a report revealing significant population miscalculations in 14 states – only after using inaccurate statistics to divide congressional representation and federal funding parameters for the next decade.
According to a follow-up survey released by the Census Bureau on Thursday, the net overcount for Hawaii was up to 6.8%, with Arkansas having the lowest count at 5%. All but one of the seven states are governed by more than 2% democracy. All four states are controlled by Republicans, with a count of less than 2%.
One in 20 people in Arkansas and Tennessee were not counted in the 2020 census. The undercounts in Florida and Texas were also large enough – 3.5% and 1.9%, respectively – to cover Congressional seats in the two states.
Hawaii, Delaware and Rhode Island all received credits for multiple additional residents for every 20 people counted correctly. Minnesota and New York also had significant additional counts, at 3.8% and 3.4%, respectively. Utah was the only Republican-led state with a 2.6% majority. Additional counts have reportedly prevented Minnesota and Rhode Island from losing seats in Congress.
The stakes are higher with the census because statistics are used for political representation and allocation of federal funds. The numbers are locked based on the population of each state until the 2030 census, although they are now known to be inaccurate in the light of follow-up analysis.
“These statistical products cannot be used to change the final census, but in the current census assessment, it is effective in determining the best estimate of the population from now to 2030 and helping to improve the future census.” Census Bureau said.
The bureau did not elaborate on how the errors were made with significant errors in 14 states. A follow-up survey after the 2010 U.S. Census shows that no state had statistically significant errors.
Miscalculations were big in terms of numbers. For example, the 2020 count misses about 325,000 Tennessees and 550,000 Texans. The census gave credit to New York’s more than 670,000 non-existent residents and Minnesota’s population swelled by 215,000. President Joe Biden’s home state of Delaware, with its second-highest overcounting rate of 5.5%, has benefited more than 50,000 additional residents.